Durrës is one of Albania's oldest cities, evidence of which can be found scattered around town. A 2nd century Roman amphitheatre sits half unearthed in the center, and partially carved columns of a Byzantine Forum are encircled by homes and apartment buildings. Tirana began to develop only in the 16th century, when a bazaar was established for locally produced luxury goods, including silk and fine metals. Established as a city by a local feudal lord, its first buildings were a mosque, a bakery, and a hamman (Turkish bath); 300 years later it was named the country’s capital.
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